Professor Ian Gough

[Home] [Biography] [CV] [Research Interests] [Publications]
Photo of Ian Gough

Visiting Professor, London School of Economics: Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)

Associate, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, LSE

Emeritus Professor of Social Policy, University of Bath


Office: R511, STICERD
Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 7429
Fax: +44 (0)20 7955 6951

Research Interests

** If you are unable to download a paper, contact me!**


1. Climate Change and Social Policy

See Home Page


2. Political Economy of Welfare States

  • Can the Welfare State Compete? A Comparative Study of Five Advanced Capitalist Countries, (edited with A.Pfaller and G.Therborn). London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1991.
    Available in Spanish

  • The Political Economy of the Welfare State, Macmillan Press Ltd, 1979 (reprinted 14 times) Available in Spanish, Italian, Swedish, Korean, Chinese and Japanese
  • State expenditure in advanced capitalism. New Left Review 92, 1975, pp. 53-92.
    Gough NLR 92.pdf
  • Marx's theory of productive and unproductive labour. New Left Review 76, 1972, pp. 47-72.
    Gough NLR 76.pdf


3. Welfare Regimes and Social Policy in Developing Countries

  • Financing welfare regimes: mapping heterogeneous revenue structures (with Miriam Abu Sharkh), International Journal of Social Welfare 20: 280-291. 2011.
    Gough and Abu Sharkh IJSW.pdf

  • Electronic Lecture on 'Global Social Policy: A Welfare Regime Analysis'. Part of  the Centre for the Analysis of South African Social Policy electronic lecture series on social policy 2009:
  • Global welfare regimes: a cluster analysis,  with Miriam Abu Sharkh (2010). Global Social Policy 10(1): 27-58.
    Abu Sharkh and Gough GSP.pdf
  • Financing welfare regimes: a report for UNRISD, with Miriam Abu Sharkh. 2010.

  • Inclusive States: Social Policy and Structural Inequalities (New Frontiers of Social Policy Series)European welfare states: Explanations and lessons for developing countries, in Inclusive States: Social policy and structural inequalities (A Dani and A de Haan, eds), Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008.
    Gough WB chapter final.pdf

  • A comparative welfare regime approach to global social policy, (with G Wood), World Development, 34(10): 1696-1712 (2006).

  • Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America: Social Policy in Development ContextsInsecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America: Social Policy in Development Contexts, with G.Wood, A.Barrientos, P.Bevan, P.Davis and G.Room. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

    'This is the book that social policy scholars have been awaiting a very long time. Thanks to Ian Gough, Geof Wood and their collaborators, we now have a rigorous, comprehensive, and extraordinarily nuanced and subtle analysis of social protection systems in the Third World. The scholarly challenge is truly formidable, and they have met it with courage and aplomb. Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America is one of those rare books that no welfare state scholar or practitioner can ignore'. Gosta Esping-Andersen

    'This book is a path-breaking contribution to comparative theory. The main theoretical argument is carried in ...Gough's excellent overview - This important book takes the whole debate about welfare regimes forward splendidly'. Michael Hill, Social Policy and Administration


4. Human Needs and Well-being

Research grant with others: ESRC Research Group 2002-2008, University of Bath: Well-Being in Developing Countries (WeD). £3.25m.

Selected Publications:

  • Lists and Thresholds: comparing the Doyal-Gough Theory of Human Need with Nussbaum’s Capabilities Approach, in 'Capabilities, Gender, Equality: Towards Fundamental Entitlements', edited by Flavio Comim and Martha Nussbaum, Cambridge University Press forthcoming.
    Comparing Nussbaum and Doyal-Gough CUP book Chapter 14 .pdf


  • ‘Bedürfnis’ (Need), in Politische Theorie und Politische Philosophie: Ein Handbuch, edited by Martin Hartmann and Claus Offe. Munich: C.H.Beck, 2011: 164-167.

  • Autonomy or dependence - or both? Perspectives from Bangladesh, (with J Devine and L Camfield), Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(1): 105-138 (2008).

  • Product DetailsWellbeing in Developing Countries: From theory to research, (edited with J A McGregor), Cambridge University Press (2007).

  • Human well-being and social structures: relating the universal and the local, Global Social Policy 4.3, pp.289-311 (2004)
  • Lists and Thresholds: Comparing the Doyal-Gough Theory of Human Need with Nussbaum's Capabilities Approach. Wed Working Paper no.1, Universitty of Bath. 2003.

  • Product DetailsA Theory of Human Need (with Len Doyal), Macmillan Press Ltd (1991). Available in Spanish, Italian and Chinese
    Winner of the Deutscher prize 1992 and the Myrdal prize 1992

    'What is important and original (and doubtless in the eyes of some, presumptuous) about their project is that it not only tells us what our basic needs are (those of health and autonomy), but offers empirical criteria for the meeting of these goals' Kate Soper, New Left Review


5. Other Research and Miscellaneous Publications