The times they are not changin': days and hours of work in Old and New Worlds, 1870-2000.  (with Michael Huberman).  Explorations in Economic History  44 (2007),  

The costs of doing hard time: a penitentiary based regional price index for Canada, 1883-1923. (with Mary MacKinnon).  Canadian Journal of Economics 40 (2007), 528-560.

                Click here if you want to plough through the appendix that documents our sources.

Immigration policy and the skills of Irish immigrants: evidence and implications.  Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland34 [158th session] (2005), 82-110.

Conspicuous by their absence: French Canadians and the settlement of the Canadian West, (with Alan Green and Mary MacKinnon).  Journal of Economic History 65 (2005), 822-849.

The spirit of capitalism?  Ethnicity, religion, and self-employment in early 20th century Canada, (with Marian Rizov).   Explorations in Economic History 42 (2005), 259-281. 

Dominion or Republic? British immigrants to North America, 1870-1910, (with Alan Green and Mary MacKinnon). Economic History Review 55 (2002), 666-696.

Income, cohort effects, and occupational mobility: a new look at immigration to the United States at the turn of the twentieth centuryExplorations in Economic History 37 (2000), 326-350.


Working papers

Rules and reality: quantifying the practice of apprenticeship in early modern Europe (with Patrick Wallis) January 2009.

The impact of school provision on pupil attendance: evidence from the early 20th century (with Mary MacKinnon) January 2009.

Work, training, and economic mobility in premodern societies: new evidence from English apprenticeship records (with Tim Leunig and Patrick Wallis) November 2008

Canadian school attendance in 1901: laws, costs, and family characteristics (with Mary MacKinnon) May 2006.

The First World War and the emergence of national markets in Canada (with Mary MacKinnon) September 2005.



Last updated: 30/01/09