Stephanie J. Rickard

London School of Economics

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Book Manuscript: "Institutions, Geography and Subsidies: Spending to Win"

Chapter 1: Who Gets What and Why? The Politics of Particularistic Economic Policies
The goal of this book is to understand government economic policy. Specifically, it seeks to explain the variation in economic support governments provide to economic actors, such as industries and sectors. The central question is why government-funded subsidies vary across countries? The answer is simple: government subsidies depend on the way politicians are elected and on the distribution of economic activities in space. If politicians are elected by plurality in single member districts, they will tend subsidize economic actors that are geographically concentrated; if politicians are elected in large multi-member districts where seats are distributed in proportion to the number of votes parties receive, they will tend subsidize economic actors that are geographically dispersed. The argument accounts for the contradictory findings that collectively characterizes research that seeks to explain the types of policies governments adopt.
Chapter 2: The Uneven Geographic Dispersion of Economic Activity

Chapter 3: How Institutions and Geography Work Together to Shape Policy

Chapter 4: Explaining Government Spending on Industrial Subsidies

Chapter 5: The Power of Producers: Successful Demands for State Aid

Chapter 6: Why Institutional Differences among Proportional Representation Systems Matter

Chapter 7: The Policy Effects of Electoral Competitiveness in Closed-List PR

Chapter 8: Conclusion and Implications