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Dr Alexander Krauss

a.krauss@lse.ac.uk

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

 

 

Areas of specialisation

 

Science of science, Metascience, Scientific methodology, Philosophy of science, Behavioural and Social Sciences

 

 

Academic positions

 

London School of Economics, UK; 2015 – present

-Research Associate, 2019 – present

-Marie Curie Research Fellow, 2017 – 2019

-Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 2015 – 2017

 

University of Barcelona, Spain; 2019 – present

-Research Fellow, 2019 – present

             

University College London, UK; Adjunct Lecturer, 2015 – 2017

 

 

  

Select publications

 

Articles – in scientific methodology, science of science, and philosophy of science

 

Krauss, Alexander. Understanding science and discovery from across disciplinary borders. Under review. (paper available upon request)

 

Krauss, Alexander. The limits of randomised experiments (of blindly flipping a coin). Under review. (paper available upon request)

 

Krauss, Alexander; Roger Guimerà; Marta Sales-Pardo; Lluís Danús. How an early-career jump start drives the world’s top 100 researchers: A study of early career choices across eight scientific fields. In draft.

 

Krauss, Alexander. The cognitive origin and limits of knowledge and science. Under review. (paper available upon request)

 

Krauss, Alexander. On the foundations of the scientific method. Under review. (paper available upon request)

                      

Danús, Lluís; Carles Muntaner; Alexander Krauss; Marta Sales-Pardo; Roger Guimerà. Different collaboration patterns and impact of prominent researchers in Europe and North America. Under review, (paper available upon request)

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2021. Trials and errors: Reproducibility crisis reaches randomised experiments. Chapter in, ‘Gold standard or unhealthy fixation? A medical educator’s guide to current thinking on the status of randomized controlled trials in clinical research’ (ed. Margaret MacDougall). Springer Press, forthcoming. 

 

Hoefer, Carl; Alexander Krauss. 2021. Measures of effectiveness in medical research: Reporting both absolute and relative measures. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Vol 88.

 

Krauss, Alexander; Matteo Colombo. 2020. Explaining public understanding of the concepts of climate change, nutrition, poverty and effective medical drugs: An international experimental survey. PLOS One, 15(6). 

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2018. Why all randomised controlled trials produce biased results. Annals of Medicine, Vol. 50, 4, pp. 312-322. 

 

 

Articles – in economics, behavioural sciences and economic methodology

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2016. Understanding child labour beyond the standard economic assumption of monetary poverty. Vol. 41, 2, pp. 545-574, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press.

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2016. How natural gas tariff increases can influence poverty: Results, measurement constraints and bias. Vol. 60, pp. 244-254; Energy Economics.

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2015. The scientific limits of understanding the (potential) relationship between complex social phenomena: the case of democracy and inequality. Vol. 23, 1, pp. 97-109; Journal of Economic Methodology.

 

Krauss, Alexander; Carol Graham. 2013. Subjective wellbeing in Colombia: Some insights on vulnerability, job security, and relative incomes. pp. 233-260, International Journal of Happiness and Development.

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2013. Understanding child labour beyond poverty: The structure of the economy, social norms, and no returns to rural basic education. Washington: World Bank (this is an earlier version of the paper published in 2016 by Cambridge Journal of Economics).

 

Books

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2013. External influences and the educational landscape: Analysis of political, economic, geographic, health and demographic factors in Ghana. New York: Springer Press, pp. 1-143.

 

Book chapters

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2014. Fundamentals. in: East Asia Pacific At Work: Employment, Enterprise, and Well-being. Washington: World Bank; World Development Report on Jobs. Chapter 4, pp. 65-94.

 

 

Newspaper articles / blog posts

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2018. Contrary to common belief, randomised controlled trials inevitably produce biased results. LSE Impact Blog. 

 

Krauss, Alexander; Thomas Kastning. 2016. Klimawandel: Stoppt das Bevölkerungswachstum. GEO.

 

Krauss, Alexander; Thomas Kastning. 2016. Climate change, resource depletion and population growth: the elephant in the room. London School of Economics.

 

Krauss, Alexander; Thomas Kastning. 2016. Kondome für den Klimaschutz. Tagesspiegel.

 

Krauss, Alexander. 2015. The Scientific Limits of Understanding Complex Social Phenomena. Institute for New Economic Thinking.

 

 

Teaching

 

Foundations of Philosophy of Science

 

Applied Development Economics, Interdisciplinarity and Methodology   

 

Development Economics and Policy

 

 

Previous research employment 

 

World Bank 5 years

Conducted research in economics and behavioural sciences, in particular quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the causal effects of public policies and reforms (on health, poverty reduction, education, labour, energy topics etc.) for countries across the world – with the research used to inform the design of government policies and improve their effectiveness; conducted a range of other data analyses and analytical work on inequality, distribution and ethical topics; conducted workshops on ‘Monitoring and evaluation of public policies using experimental data’ for academics and government officials; and prepared dozens of government policy reports (including their design, data analysis and write-up) to inform public policy decisions on a range of topics – e.g. skills in Cambodia, education in Ghana, female empowerment in Latin America and employment in the Republic of Congo