Christian List

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Christian List FBA

Professor of Political Science and Philosophy

Departments of Government and Philosophy

London School of Economics

London WC2A 2AE, U.K.



I work at the intersection of philosophy, economics, and political science, with a particular focus on individual and collective decision-making and the nature of intentional agency. Recently, a growing part of my work has addressed metaphysical questions, e.g., about free will, causation, probability, and the relationship between “micro” and “macro” levels of explanation in the human and social sciences.

Although my interests may seem eclectic, the different strands of my work complement each other. One can often make progress on some issues by developing connections between different fields.

Below is a thematically organized list of some of my recent papers. At the bottom, there is a list of some earlier representative papers.

Click here for a full list of my papers, here for an overview by projects, and here for books or edited collections.

Some recent papers

On the theory of individual choice

What matters and how it matters: A choice-theoretic representation of moral theories (with F. Dietrich), The Philosophical Review (forthcoming)

Reason-based choice and context-dependence: An explanatory framework (with F. Dietrich), Economics and Philosophy 32(2): 175-229, 2016

Mentalism versus behaviourism in economics: a philosophy-of-science perspective (with F. Dietrich), Economics and Philosophy 32(2): 249-281, 2016

A reason-based theory of rational choice (with F. Dietrich), Nous 47(1): 104-134, 2013

Where do preferences come from? (with F. Dietrich), International Journal of Game Theory 42(3): 613-637, 2013

On higher and lower levels in science, non-reductive physicalism, dualism, chance, and causation

Levels: descriptive, explanatory, and ontological

Dynamic and stochastic systems as a framework for metaphysics and the philosophy of science (with M. Pivato)

Does the exclusion argument put any presure on dualism? (with D. Stoljar), Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95(1): 96-108, 2017 [preprint | official journal link]

Emergent Chance (with M. Pivato), The Philosophical Review 124(1): 119-152, 2015

Non-Reductive Physicalism and the Limits of the Exclusion Principle (with P. Menzies), Journal of Philosophy CVI(9): 475-502, 200

On free will

Free Will, Determinism, and the Possibility of Doing Otherwise, Nous 48(1): 156-178, 2014

What's wrong with the consequence argument: In defence of compatibilist libertarianism

My brain made me do it: The exclusion argument against free will, and what’s wrong with it (with P. Menzies), in H. Beebee, C. Hitchcock, and H. Price (eds.), Making a Difference, Oxford (Oxford University Press), 2017

Two Intuitions about Free Will: Alternative Possibilities and Intentional Endorsement (with W. Rabinowicz), Philosophical Perspectives 28: 155-172, 2014

On political philosophy

What normative facts should political theory be about? Philosophy of science meets political liberalism (with L. Valentini)

Freedom as independence (with L. Valentini), Ethics 126(4): 1043-1074, 2016

The Methodology of Political Theory (with L. Valentini), Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology, 2016

Can there be a global demos? An agency-based approach (with M. Koenig-Archibugi), Philosophy and Public Affairs 38(1): 76-110, 2010

On democracy and deliberation

Democratic Deliberation and Social Choice: A Review, Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy (forthcoming)

Deliberation, Single-Peakedness, and the Possibility of Meaningful Democracy: Evidence from Deliberative Polls (with R. C. Luskin, J. S. Fishkin and I. McLean), Journal of Politics 75(1): 80-95, 2013

The Logical Space of Democracy, Philosophy and Public Affairs 39(3): 262-297, 2011

Group Communication and the Transformation of Judgments: An Impossibility Result, Journal of Political Philosophy 19(1): 1-27, 2011

On group agency and social ontology

What is it like to be a group agent? Nous (forthcoming)

Three kinds of collective attitudes, Erkenntnis 79(9,Suppl.): 1601-1622, 2014

Methodological Individualism and Holism in Political Science: A Reconciliation (with K. Spiekermann), American Political Science Review 107(4): 629-643

On formal epistemology

From Degrees of Belief to Binary Beliefs: Lessons from Judgment-Aggregation Theory (with F. Dietrich)

Belief revision generalized: A joint characterization of Bayes's and Jeffrey's rules (with F. Dietrich and R. Bradley), Journal of Economic Theory 162: 352-371, 2016

Reasons for (prior) belief in Bayesian epistemology (with F. Dietrich), Synthese 19(5): 787-808, 2013

On judgment aggregation and social choice

Probabilistic Opinion Pooling Generalized (with F. Dietrich), Part One: General Agendas, Part Two: The Premise-based Approach, Social Choice and Welfare, 2017

Social Choice Theory, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Winter 2013 Edition

Probabilistic opinion pooling [an introductory review] (with F. Dietrich), Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy, 2016

The theory of judgment aggregation: An introductory review, Synthese 187(1): 179-207, 2012

The aggregation of propositional attitudes: towards a general theory (with F. Dietrich), Oxford Studies in Epistemology 3, 2010

Majority voting on restricted domains (with F. Dietrich), Journal of Economic Theory 145(2): 512-543, 2010

Some earlier representative papers

Group decisions in humans and animals: a survey (with L. Conradt), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364: 719-742, 2009

Independence and interdependence in collective decision making: an agent-based model of nest-site choice by honeybee swarms (with C. Elsholtz and T. D. Seeley), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364: 755-762, 2009

Strategy-proof judgment aggregation (with F. Dietrich), Economics and Philosophy 23(3): 269-300, 2007

Arrow's theorem in judgment aggregation (with F. Dietrich), Social Choice and Welfare 29(1): 19-33, 2007

A Conditional Defense of Plurality Rule: Generalizing May's Theorem in a Restricted Informational Environment (with R. E. Goodin), American Journal of Political Science 50(4): 940-949, 2006

The Discursive Dilemma and Public Reason, Ethics 116(2): 362-402, 2006

A Model of Path-Dependence in Decisions over Multiple Propositions, American Political Science Review 98(3): 495-513, 2004

Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation (with J. S. Dryzek), British Journal of Political Science 33(1): 1-28, 2003

Aggregating Sets of Judgments: An Impossibility Result (with P. Pettit), Economics and Philosophy 18: 89-110, 2002 (companion paper in Synthese 2004)

Two Concepts of Agreement (revised version), The Good Society 11(1): 72-79, 2002

Epistemic Democracy: Generalizing the Condorcet Jury Theorem (with R. E. Goodin), Journal of Political Philosophy 9(3): 277-306, 2001


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